The term artificial intelligence (AI) refers to the ability of a digital computer or computer-controlled robot to perform tasks commonly associated with intelligence. There are four distinctive types of artificial intelligence.
Reactive machines: Most basic type of AI that only react to situations in real time.
Limited memory: Observes and stores recent information to enhance preprogrammed knowledge. This is the type of AI currently used in self driving cars.
Theory of mind: Preprogrammed knowledge able to store memory’s and adjust behavior depending on the situation.
Self Aware AI: The most advanced form of AI. In theory it could form its own ideas without any programming. It is still unknown and debated if this type of AI is possible..